As Hans Boersma notes, the analogia entis is first and foremost a “sacramental link” between God and creation (Boersma 71). It is “hinged” or “suspended” by God. Yet, and here is where an analogia entis cannot be equated with chain of being, it “also insists on the infinite difference between Creator and creature. In fact, dissimilarity is the main point of the doctrine of analogy.”
The following is from David Bentley Hart’s The Beauty of the Infinite. “The analogy of being does not analogize God and creatures under the more general category of being, but is the analogizing of being in the difference between God and creatures” (241-242). It rejects both the univocity of Apollos and the equivocity of Dionysius, “neither of which provide a vantage point on transcendence.”
Further safeguarding the Creator/creature distinction, Hart notes, “if the primary analogy is one of being, then an infinite analogical interval has been introduced between God and creatures.”
Hart suggests that without the analogia entis, revelation is impossible. If there is no analogy or connection between God and man, then either man cannot understand God’s words (equivocity; difference) or man is God’s words (univocity; identity; the problem of Cratylus).
- If analogia entis implies a sacramental link between God and creation, and if Barth rejected this as the invention of Antichrist, is it no surprise that Barth (and his followers) have such an anemic view of the sacraments?
- There is a connection between God and the world. It is a sacramental one. The “sign” is filled with deep meaning. It is “thick.”
- Yet, the connection is not an essentialist one, which is the case with chain of being.
- This means human “faith,” human “reason,” and human “discourse,” all participate in God
- Contrary to chain of being, creation isn’t a diminution; rather, the “most high principle…is present in the very act of each moment of the particular” (247). In other words, the “lowest” particular reflects the highest transcendence
Boersma, Hans. Heavenly Participation: The Weaving of a Sacramental Tapestry. Baker Academic.
Hart, David Bentley.