Notes: Aristotle, Metaphysics

I’ll admit.  This wasn’t my favorite.  It’s not that I didn’t understand it, it’s just that its importance never “clicked” for me.  But that’s more about me than the book.

“The science of substance must be of the nature of Wisdom” (996b).

The problem to be addressed: why are some things perishable and others are not if they consist of the same principles (Book III, 1000a)?

A substance is that which is not predicated of a stratum, but of which all else is predicated (Book VII: 3).  The essence of each thing is that which is propter se.

  1. Substratum
  2. Essence
  3. Compound of 1 and 2
  4. Universals

A substance is that which is not predicable of a subject.

Back to the thesis:  beings in the primary sense are substances; beings in the secondary sense are qualities et al.  Yet we still haven’t answered the main question: what causes a thing to be a substance?

 

About J. B. Aitken

Interests include patristics, the role of the soul in the human person, analytic theology, Reformed Scholasticism, Medievalism, Substance Metaphysics
This entry was posted in Philosophy and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s